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How to Remove Chlorine from Water

August is National Water Quality Month

As you may know, August is National Water Quality Month.  National Water Quality Month was founded years ago to educate consumers about the importance of clean water.  Water, especially PURE water, is so important not only to our wellbeing but our very existence!  We should celebrate every time we take a swallow of this most precious liquid because it shapes the world in which we live in almost every possible way.  The purer the water, the better your life!

Pure water IS life!  What are scientists searching for when they look to outer space for a potential planet for humanity.  You’ve guessed it. WATER! We need water to support life. Thank goodness it is recyclable and is sufficient for our current needs, thanks to municipal water treatment and point of use water purification systems such as distillation. Hopefully, as the population of our planet grows, we will continue to have enough water for all our needs.

So, as we consider our water supplies, now and in the future, we should remember to do what we can to conserve water in quantity and preserve its purity. For example, when using household chemicals in our everyday lives, such as personal care products, we should take care not to waste them and dispose of them properly. These products include all of our household cleaners and prescription drugs, as well as chemicals for our lawns and gardens, and paints and finishes.  Always read and follow the instructions for safe use and disposal. Proper disposal is for your safety and safety of animals and plants nearby.

We also need to consider the long-term security of the water we consume and use for other purposes. Remember, water is both unique and indispensable, and since we all live downhill from each other, we must do all we can to prevent water contamination.  Owners of such businesses must be cautious and consider the impact of their day-to-day operations on the environment around them as well.

The question remains, however, who can you depend on to ensure that the water you and your family drinks is safe?  The answer is YOURSELF.  While governmental agencies set up minimum standards for some of the most common substances present in our public water supply, these standards only apply to about half the people in the United States and, unfortunately, are poorly enforced. We must assume the safety of our water as a personal responsibility.

So, where do you start?  Well, using our senses of smell and taste certainly is not enough to ensure even minimum safety.  So let’s start with a very simple household water test that helps to rule out most of the inorganic contaminants. It is a TDS (total dissolved solids) test.  The basis for this simple test is that inorganic solids, such as metals, acids, and salts, conduct an electrical current.  Tap water will sometimes measure very high in these total-dissolved-solids, telling us that there are contaminants such as arsenic, lead, nitrates, or hardness minerals present in the water.  Even though is this is a big step in the right direction; it should not be considered a complete water safety test. Why? First of all, there is no such “complete” test available – we can only guess at the contaminants present in water and test for those.  Secondly, this does not differentiate the inorganic contaminants and does not detect the presence of organic chemicals such as solvents and pesticides, or biological contaminants such as bacteria, cysts, and viruses. For complete water testing, one needs further testing, preferably by an EPA certified laboratory.  (800) 458-3330) is one such lab, offering some fairly basic to more complex testing for tap or well water, and you can accomplish that testing on your own. Again, we can never be sure what’s in a water source at any given time.  That’s why distillation is so important. This process removes the broadest range of contaminants possible.  Here at AquaNui, we’ve had 3rd party lab tests conducted on our distillation systems and the results have been outstanding.

Please contact us for more information about distillation or the AquaNui line of water distillers.

Eldon C. Muehling, known as “Dr. Water” is the go-to guy for science questions about water and the author of “Pure Water for Better Living.”

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FEMA and American Red Cross Recommendations for Treating Water in an Emergency

FEMA and the American Red Cross published their recommendations on managing water in times of an emergency.

The FEMA/American Red Cross Pamphlet may be downloaded and read directly from this link: FEMA/AMERICAN RED CROSS: Food and Water in an Emergency.1) FEMA/AMERICAN RED CROSS: Food and Water in an Emergency:



FEMA and the American Red Cross recommend three treatment methods for treating water during an emergency. Here are the three methods, and what they say about each method…

  1. BOILING. “Boiling is the safest method of treating water. In a large pot or kettle, bring water to a rolling boil for 1 full minute, keeping in mind that some water will evaporate. Let the water cool before drinking. Boiled water will taste better if you put oxygen back into it by pouring the water back and forth between two clean containers. This will also improve the taste of stored water.”

  2. CHLORINATION. “You can use household liquid bleach to kill microorganisms. Use only regular household liquid bleach that contains 5.25 to 6.0 percent sodium hypochlorite. Do not use scented bleaches, colorsafe bleaches, or bleaches with added cleaners. Because the potency of bleach diminishes with time, use bleach from a newly opened or unopened bottle. Add 16 drops (1/8 teaspoon) of bleach per gallon of water, stir and let stand for 30 minutes. The water should have a slight bleach odor. If it doesn’t, then repeat the dosage and let stand another 15 minutes. If it still does not smell of bleach, discard it and find another source of water. Other chemicals, such as iodine or water treatment products (sold in camping or surplus stores) that do not contain 5.25 to 6.0 percent sodium hypochlorite as the only active ingredient, are not recommended and should not be used.”

  3. DISTILLATION. “While the two methods described above will kill most microorganisms in water, distillation will remove microorganisms that resist these methods, as well as heavy metals, salts, and most other chemicals. Distillation involves boiling water and then collecting the vapor that condenses back to water. The condensed vapor will not include salt or most other impurities. To distill, fill a pot halfway with water. Tie a cup to the handle on the pot’s lid so that the cup will hang right-side-up when the lid is upside-down (make sure the cup is not dangling into the water), and boil the water for 20 minutes. The water that drips from the lid into the cup is distilled. (See illustration.)”






References   [ + ]

1.  FEMA/AMERICAN RED CROSS: Food and Water in an Emergency:

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Why Buy a Countertop Water Distiller?

Powerful Cancer Causing Agent

TCP is a chemical that is found in drinking water sources around the country and has been called, by some, “one of the most powerful cancer-causing agents in the world.”  Not only is it unsafe to drink, but it is unsafe to shower in as one can inhale the chemical.  In parts of California, TCP levels are 6 times higher than what the state considers to be safe.

TCP is short for 1,2,3-trichloropropane. Originally discovered as an unwanted by-product in the manufacturing of other chemicals, especially pesticides, TCP has been on a short list of studies by the EPA for several years.  However, water municipalities are still not required to test for it or remove it.  Only some states, such as California, are moving to regulate this toxic chemical.

No Maximum Contaminant Level Set by the EPA

Unfortunately, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has not yet set a Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) for this very toxic manmade chemical used as a cleaning and degreasing solvent and also as a pesticide.  Ironically, it did not even work as a pesticide and now millions of people are left with the legacy of TCP in their drinking water.

California and TCP

Specifically, there are lawsuits pending in California against DOW chemical and Shell.  While they knew that it was not effective as a pesticide, they realized that it was a cost effective way to get rid of the byproduct.  According to sources, they made nearly $10 million dollars a year between sales and the savings of having to dispose of the waste.  A DOW scientist even referred to it as “garbage”.

California’s Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment has developed a Public Health Goal (PHG) for TCP of 0.0007 ug/L or 0.7 parts per trillion (PPT). At this level, the threat of consuming TCP over a life time of 70 years is considered to be insigniicant.  The maximum contaminant level (MCL) currently proposed by the California State Water Board is 5 ppt.  Confirmation is expected soon.

To help visualize the impact of the 5 ppt level, picture the following:  1 part-per-trillion is about 1,000 times smaller than a drop of water in an Olympic-size swimming pool!  Paul Tratnyek, a professor at the Institute of Environmental Health at Oregon Health and Science University, who studied TCP for the Defense Department said, “Even the slightest amount of TCP in the water would be considered to be a potential health effect.”

TCP Found in States

To date, this human carcinogen has been found in drinking water sources in 14 states or territories.  According to, the following states have contaminated drinking water in at least 1 public water system with nearly 4 million people affected in the United States.  Due to agricultural use, California has been hit particularly hard.  “Over 2 million pounds of pesticides containing 1,3-dichloropropene were used in California alone in 1978.” (Wikipedia)

  • Alabama
  • Arizona
  • California
  • Connecticut
  • Florida
  • Hawaii
  • Maryland
  • North Carolina
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • Pennsylvania
  • Puerto Rico
  • Virginia

Remove TCP from Your Drinking Water

So, what do consumers need to know and what can we do about this problem?  Consumers can choose to wait on government officials to fix the problem.  Frankly, that might take longer than you are willing to wait.  As a concerned consumer, you might prefer to take control of the situation by insuring the quality of your own home’s water.  We know that TCP may be in your water if you are in one of these states, but what about other chemicals that are yet unknown?  Shouldn’t you be protecting yourself from all toxins?

AquaNui water distillers are the perfect answer to this difficult problem.  The boiling point of TCP is 156.85 degrees Celsius, which is well above the boiling point of water. The vapor pressure is 3 mm of mercury at 20 degrees Celsius, so it is non-volatile. The density or specific gravity is 1.307 g/ml.  Therefore, distillation is a very effective way to remove TCP by leaving it behind in the boiling chamber as residue.  What you are left with is 99.9% pure water.

4 water distillers from AquaNui

Water Quality is a Top Priority

We wished, like you, that we lived in a world that had clean air and clean water.  With all of the chemicals being produced today, it has become necessary to take it upon ourselves to protect our bodies from unnecessary exposure and harm.  Many people take the time to eat well or buy organic food, but what about water?  We drink it every day.  We believe that it’s time to consider water quality a number one priority.

The post 1,2,3 Trichloropropane TCP Contamination in Drinking Water appeared first on AquaNui Home Water Distillers.


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The Economics of Water Shortages

When there are water shortages, conservation means seeing lawns dry out and plants die.

But there’s another side this problem as many residents of California are discovering. There are fixed costs in operating a water treatment plant. In normal times this cost is offset by revenues from consumer fees based on water usage. The problem comes up when consumers use less water and the revenue paid to the water treatment plants drops as you would expect. Therein lies the rub – to provide service the water treatment plants must be able to cover their costs, so when the revenue drops what is the most likely course of action? To increase the rates charged for the lower quantity of water used.

This is very true in California today. After Governor Brown ordered communities to cut back their water usage, the water treatment agencies are finding themselves facing significant operating deficits. The AP reported recently that the City of Santa Barbara projected an operating loss of $5 million based on residents cutting water usage by 20%. If that wasn’t a hard enough pill to swallow, the residents of Santa Barbara are cutting back even further. In May they cut back 37% from normal usage. That’s leaving the utility in a real jam and water bills have been rising to make up the difference.

This is a good lesson in economic reality. The books must balance otherwise we might find ourselves in a situation like Greece.

By the way, if you purify your water with a distiller, you are not wasting water in good times or bad.

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Source: MakePureWater-AquaNui